Judiciary urged to quash execution orders against five activists
Hadi Rashedi, 38, Hashem Shaabani(nejad), 32, and Mohammad-Ali Amouri(nejad), 34, are at imminent risk of execution, a close family friend of the men told Human Rights Watch. A revolutionary court convicted the men behind closed doors of terrorism-related charges that carry the death penalty for their alleged membership in an armed Arab separatist group and participation in armed activities. The judiciary has also issued death sentences for two Iranian-Arab brothers - Seyed Mokhtar, 25, and Seyed Jaber Alboshokeh, 27 - who were arrested around the same time. Due to the information blackout and secrecy surrounding security trials in Iran's majority-Arab Khuzestan province where all of these men live, there is little information available about the evidence used against the men except for televised confessions.
"The judiciary has put forth no public evidence suggesting that these men should spend one more day in prison, let alone hang from the gallows," said Sarah Leah Whitson, Middle East director at Human Rights Watch. "The lack of transparency surrounding these men's convictions and sentences is just one more reason why these execution orders should be quashed."
Security forces arrested the five men sentenced to death in February 2011 in connection with their alleged membership in a terrorist organization and involvement in shootings that authorities say occurred in and around the town of Ramshir (also known as Khalafabad) in Khuzestan province.
The family friend told Human Rights Watch that the same court recently sentenced four other men from the same town to prison following what seem to be politically motivated charges. The men are Rahman Asakereh, 34, sentenced to 20 years; Esmaeel Abiat, 29, to 5 years; Ali Badri, 31, to 6 years, and Shahid Amouri, 42, to one year. Except for Abiat, all of the men sentenced in the case are currently residents of Khalafabad, a small town 120 kilometers southeast of Ahvaz. Most are well-known educators or cultural activists, and a few, including Asakereh and Amouri, had previously been targeted by authorities for their political activities and ties to reformist parties during Mohammad Khatami's presidency.
The source told Human Rights Watch that the nine men are among at least a dozen Iranian-Arab activists from Khalafabad arrested by security forces since February 2011. Authorities have since released several others on bail, but Human Rights Watch has no specific information regarding the status of their cases.
According to some Iranian-Arab rights groups, authorities arrested the twelve or so Arab men from Khalafabad in anticipation of planned demonstrations on April, 15 2011, which commemorated the six-year anniversary of protests by the province's ethnic Arab majority who have long complained about the lack of socioeconomic development in the region. Khuzestan's Arab residents also accuse the Iranian government of systematically discriminating against them, particularly in employment, housing, and civil and political rights.
In April 2011, Human Rights Watch documented the use of live ammunition by security forces against protesters in cities throughout Khuzestan province, killing dozens and wounding many more. No Iranian officials have been investigated in connection with these killings.
The source told Human Rights Watch that Branch 2 of the Revolutionary Court in Ahvaz, headed by Judge Seyed Mohammad-Bagher Mousavi, issued the five death sentences. He said that the authorities informed the men's lawyers and family members of the execution orders after Iran's Supreme Court apparently affirmed the sentences, but did not know exactly when the trial court had originally issued its rulings.
Human Rights Watch has not been able to obtain a copy of either the execution orders or the convictions against the men, nor can it independently verify that Iran's Supreme Court has affirmed the lower court's ruling. But Iranian-Arab rights groups report that the revolutionary court convicted the men of terrorism-related charges including moharebeh ("enmity against God") and efsad-e fel arz ("sowing corruption on earth"), for which the penalty is death. Under articles 186 and 190-91 of Iran's penal code, anyone found responsible for taking up arms against the state, or belonging to an organization taking up arms against the government, may be considered guilty of "enmity against God" and sentenced to death.
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