Direct and indirect suppression of speech, books, music and other materials considered morally, politically or otherwise objectionable.

1966 articles
Egyptian actor and director Khaled Abol Naga attends the 8th International Arab Film Festival (FIOFA), in Oran, Algeria, 3 June 2015, FAROUK BATICHE/AFP/Getty Images

The authorities have unleashed a systematic media demonization campaign against Amr Waked and Khaled Abol Naga for participating in “Egypt Advocacy Day”.

A man peruses shelves of books at the annual Colombo Book Fair in Colombo, Sri Lanka, 22 September 2009, Ishara S. KODIKARA/AFP/Getty Images

Writer Shaktika Sathkumara was arrested by the police for a ‘disrespectful’ short story.

Security officers stand guard during a campaign by Burundi's ruling CNDD-FDD party for a referendum, in Bujumbura, 14 May 2018, STR/AFP/Getty Images

Authorities in Burundi have expanded the suspension of the Voice of America, withdrawn the BBC’s operating licence and forbidden citizens from directly or indirectly providing information to the two institutions.

Students and journalists protest in memory of murdered journalist Ángel Eduardo Gahona in front of the Universidad Centroamericana (UCA) in Managua, Nicaragua, 26 April 2018, INTI OCON/AFP/Getty Images

IFEX-ALC is sending a joint delegation alongside the World Association of Community Radio Broadcasters (AMARC-ALC) and the Inter-American Press Association (IAPA) to the UN Office in Geneva in the run-up to Nicaragua’s Universal Periodic Review (UPR) on 15 May.

Roberto Saviano, journalist and expert on Neapolitan organized crime and the mafia, during a press conference in Naples, Italy, 18 February 2019, Salvatore Laporta/KONTROLAB /LightRocket via Getty Images

Roberto Saviano faces up to 6 years in jail if convicted of criminally defaming the far right Interior Minister Matteo Salvini; Salvini has previously threatened to remove police protection from the mafia-threatened journalist.

Journalists protest against censorship of the press by the authorities, as part of the demonstrations against the candidacy of President Abdelaziz Bouteflika, in Algiers, Algeria, 28 February 2019, Farouk Batiche/picture alliance via Getty Images

Algerian journalist Lynda Abbou explains why protests that have swept the country in recent weeks were a pivotal moment for journalists frustrated at censorship.

Chadian President Idriss Deby Itno makes a speech during a joint press conference with Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan in Ankara, Turkey, 27 February 2019, Metin Aktas/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

AFEX welcomes the appeal sent by African Union Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression and access to information, Lawrence Mute, to President Idriss Deby on the social media blackout in Chad.

Tolo News reporters work in the newsroom at Tolo TV station in Kabul, Afghanistan, 11 September 2018, WAKIL KOHSAR/AFP/Getty Images

The Afghanistan Journalists Center recorded a total of 92 cases of violence against journalists in the past year.

A young man wears a 'Make Dartmouth Great Again' hat before President Donald Trump signs an executive order protecting freedom of speech on college campuses, at the White House in Washington, DC., 21 March 2019, Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images

If the Executive Order is used to enlist federal agencies in the quest to suppress speech with which the Administration disagrees, federal agency heads and college administrators must mightily resist, including by going to court if necessary.

A woman walks past an electoral poster of Thanathorn Juangroongruangkit, leader of the Future Forward Party and Prime Minister candidate in Bangkok, Thailand, 12 February 2019, Chaiwat Subprasom/SOPA Images/LightRocket via Getty Images

Human Rights Watch warns that structural flaws subvert election in Thailand.

German journalist Paul Arne Wagner is arrested by riot police during a protest against corruption in Bucharest, Romania, 20 June 2018, ADRIAN CATU/AFP/Getty Images

Political influence and direct or indirect control over the media, as well as smear campaigns, threats and violence against journalists, have caused the media environment to deteriorate in most countries in the Balkans.

A journalist reacts to tear gas fired by the police during a "Yellow Vests" protest in Paris, France, 8 December 2018, ALAIN JOCARD/AFP/Getty Images

In 2018, an average of two journalists were killed every week, and yet impunity for crimes against journalists remains at 90%.

Supporters of the main opposition party demonstrate against corruption and bribery, in Ankara, Turkey, 18 December 2014, ADEM ALTAN/AFP/Getty Images

As well as censoring many critical news sites, the authorities occasionally block entire online platforms such as Blogspot and SoundCloud; Wikipedia has been inaccessible in Turkey since 2017.

Indonesian street punk musicians play by sidewalk food stalls in Jakarta, Indonesia, 21 June 2010, ROMEO GACAD/AFP/Getty Images

Index on Censorship urges that proposed legislation that would restrict artistic freedom be discarded.


80 civil society organizations have signed a petition that calls for an immediate end to the blocking of social media platforms in Chad, in effect since March 2018.

Osman Mirghani, editor of "Al-Tayar" newspaper, speaks to an AFP journalist in Khartoum, Sudan, 25 February 2017, ASHRAF SHAZLY/AFP/Getty Images

Osman Mirghani, the editor-in-chief of independent newspaper Al Tayar, was arrested by National Intelligence and Security Service agents and is being detained at an unknown location.