Europe & Central Asia
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Europe & Central Asia

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Parliament members from the main opposition party, the Pro Kurdish People's democracy Party and RSF representative Erol Onderoglu (C) hold banners reading 'Freedom for jailed journalists - we will not be silenced', in Istanbul, Turkey, 9 April 2017, YASIN AKGUL/AFP/Getty Images

Önderoğlu and fellow defendants, Şebnem Korur Fincancı and Ahmet Nesin, face possible jail sentences on charges of “terrorist propaganda”, “condoning crime” and “inciting crime”.

Activists protest new censorship laws, in London, UK, 12 December 2014, In Pictures Ltd./Corbis via Getty Images

A new law has the potential to pose a severe threat to the anonymity of people in the UK.

Supporters of Julian Assange gather outside Westminster Magistrates Court where the WikiLeaks founder appears in custody following his arrest in London, England, 11 April 2019, Wiktor Szymanowicz/NurPhoto via Getty Images

In considering whether to extradite Assange, the UK should also consider the detention conditions he could be subjected to in the US as a person charged with national security crimes.

Journalist and newspaper publisher Slavko Curuvija at a press conference in Belgrade, Serbia, 1 November 1998, ANDREJ ISAKOVIC/AFP/Getty Images

Curuvija, who was gunned down by secret police officers during the 1999 NATO bombing campaign against Serbia, had previously been attacked by media allies of Slobodan Milosevic. The man who pulled the trigger was not among the convicted.

Part of an EU flag is displayed on a smartphone with the Union Jack in the background in this photo illustration, 15 November 2017, Jaap Arriens/NurPhoto via Getty Images

The UK government has just released its proposal for tackling “online harms”, including how content on social media platforms should be monitored and regulated.

Roberto Saviano, journalist and expert on Neapolitan organized crime and the mafia, during a press conference in Naples, Italy, 18 February 2019, Salvatore Laporta/KONTROLAB /LightRocket via Getty Images

Roberto Saviano faces up to 6 years in jail if convicted of criminally defaming the far right Interior Minister Matteo Salvini; Salvini has previously threatened to remove police protection from the mafia-threatened journalist.

A tribute for the murdered journalist Daphne Caruana Galizia that includes the date of her assassination is sprayed on a wall in Valletta, Malta, 10 March 2018, Dan Kitwood/Getty Images for the Daphne Project

The resolution highlights serious shortcomings in the rule of law in Malta and Slovakia and warns of rising threats to journalists throughout the EU.

Police officers detain anti-government protesters during a rally in Almaty, Kazakhstan, 22 March 2019, REUTERS/Pavel Mikheyev

Europe and Central Asia in March: A mass release of prisoners in Azerbaijan, a step towards justice for Ján Kuciak, the EU Copyright Directive, injustice in Chechnya, a new report on violence against women, protesters arrested in Kazakhstan, an EU Magnitsky Act and more….

A large billboard in the streets of Kiev with the face of Petro Poroshenko, President of Ukraine and candidate in the 2019 elections, 26 March 2019, Celestino Arce/NurPhoto via Getty Images

Corruption, the rise of far right groups and threats to the press, the LGBTQI+ community and rights activists are some of the problems facing whoever wins the election on 31 March.

German journalist Paul Arne Wagner is arrested by riot police during a protest against corruption in Bucharest, Romania, 20 June 2018, ADRIAN CATU/AFP/Getty Images

Political influence and direct or indirect control over the media, as well as smear campaigns, threats and violence against journalists, have caused the media environment to deteriorate in most countries in the Balkans.

Supporters of the main opposition party demonstrate against corruption and bribery, in Ankara, Turkey, 18 December 2014, ADEM ALTAN/AFP/Getty Images

As well as censoring many critical news sites, the authorities occasionally block entire online platforms such as Blogspot and SoundCloud; Wikipedia has been inaccessible in Turkey since 2017.

People hold portraits of murdered journalist Ján Kuciak and his fiancée Martina Kušnírová during a silent protest march in Bratislava, Slovakia, 2 March 2018, ALEX HALADA/AFP/Getty Images

Marian Kočner, currently in detention on unrelated fraud charges, has been charged with ordering the February 2018 killing of Kuciak and his fiancée, Martina Kušnírová.

IFEX members protest Turkey’s attempts to silence and control foreign media coverage in the country.

A woman holds a poster condemning the Ingushetia attack on journalists and human rights defenders, during a protest in Moscow, Russia, 10 March 2016, Nikita Shvetsov/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

In 2016, a group of masked men attacked a minibus carrying journalists and human rights activists; several of the journalists were hospitalised and their vehicle and equipment were destroyed. No suspects have ever been identified.

Andrej Plenkovic, Prime Minister of Croatia, speaks at the European Council during a two day EU summit in Brussels, Belgium, 14 December 2018, Dan Kitwood/Getty Images

Politicians, public figures and corporations have filed over 1,100 lawsuits against journalists with the intention of intimidating them into self-censorship.

Rapper Oxxxymiron performs during a concert in support of rapper Husky at a club in Moscow, Russia, 26 November 2018, MAXIM ZMEYEV/AFP/Getty Images

In the last three months of 2018, at least 36 music performances were cancelled due to official intervention; authorities claimed they were upholding laws protecting children from the promotion of suicide and narcotics.