Protestors killed, the internet disrupted, two private television stations shut down and several media houses were attacked during Senegalese protests.
This statement was originally published on mfwa.org on 5 March 2021.
The Media Foundation for West Africa (MFWA) condemns the disruption of social networks in Senegal, the suspension of two television channels as well as the deadly repression of protests.
While also denouncing the violent demonstrators, who attacked other media outlets, the MFWA calls on the Senegalese authorities to ensure that freedom of the press is protected, that media on all sides are safe and independent in their reporting.
On the morning of Friday 5 March 2021, network data from the NetBlocks, an organisation that monitors internet and social network access, revealed a mobile internet disruption at the major phone companies Orange and Sonatel in Senegal.
“Metrics show that Facebook, YouTube, WhatsApp, and some Telegram servers were restricted on leading cellular network operator Orange/Sonatel as of early morning Friday. Affected services have subsequently been restored from 7:30 a.m. UTC,” had published NetBlocks.
However, the reason for the observed disruptions has not been ascertained, as neither the cellular network operators nor the public authorities have issued an official statement to this effect. However, evidence shows that an increasing number of governments on the continent are resorting to internet blackouts and the blocking of social networks to suppress anti-government protests and restrict online civil and political space.
Earlier, on 3 March 2021, demonstrations broke out in Dakar, the capital of Senegal, and in several other major cities in the country such as Kaolack, Saint Louis, and Casamance. Demonstrations persisted on 4 March. The protests resulted from the arrest of Ousmane Sonko, leader of the opposition political party Patriotes du Sénégal pour le Travail, l’Ethique et la Fraternité́, (Pastef-Patriotes), a deputy in the National Assembly and third in the 2019 presidential elections.
As he was on his way to court to respond to a rape complaint, Ousmane Sonko had been arrested for “disturbing public order and participating in an unauthorised demonstration”.
At least two people were killed by anti-riot forces during the violent repression of demonstrations against Sonko’s arrest. The police and gendarmerie used batons, tear gas, and live ammunition to disperse demonstrators. Sheikh Ibrahima Coly and Sheikh Diop, aged 20 and 17 respectively, died from gunshot wounds.
Other demonstrators were arrested, several others were injured and there was extensive damage to properties. The authorities have not yet released official figures on arrests and the results of the law-enforcement agencies’ repression.
Nevertheless, the Minister of the Interior, Antoine Félix Abdoulaye Diome, had justified the arrest of Ousmane Sonko on the grounds of the ban on gatherings issued because of Covid-19 and a traffic plan put in place by the authorities.
Also, on 4 March 2021, the broadcasting regulatory authority, the Conseil National de Régulation de l’Audiovisuel (CNRA) suspended two private television channels, WALF TV and SEN TV, for three days on account of their broadcasting a loop of violent images.
These two media are considered to be close to the opposition and they are accused by the CNRA of stirring up violence. However, besides the 2STV, the CNRA had warned two other private channels against broadcasting content that “explicitly or implicitly promotes violence”, incites disturbances of public order, or “is likely to constitute a threat to national stability or social cohesion”.
Media outlets considered to be close to the authorities were also targeted by angry demonstrators. The state media outlet Soleil and two other private media, RFM and Dakaractu, were targeted by demonstrators.
While condemning the disruption of social networks in Senegal, the suspension of the two television channels as well as attacks by demonstrators on other media, the MFWA calls on authorities to probe into the deadly repression by law enforcement officials and to punish the perpetrators.
The organisation also calls on political parties to sensitise their supporters on the need for peaceful demonstrations, which is essential for any democracy, and for the respect of the press and journalists’ rights to do their job of informing the public. As Senegal is considered a model of democracy in the sub-region, sanctioning the media under the pretext of “state security” or attacking them for their supposed political bias promises nothing good for the credibility of civil and political freedoms. These attacks call into question the democratic culture that the country has acquired. Violating these democratic values, as well as freedom of expression and of the press, is a dangerous precedent for the country and West Africa. This further has the potential to galvanise other countries that are not yet completely divorced from the remnants of authoritarian rule.
Therefore, the Media Foundation for West Africa urges public authorities, law enforcement agencies, and opposition political parties to take the necessary steps to assuage political tensions.